Children Need More Protection From Toxins

By David Wallinga and Susan Berkson
Star Tribune

[ There is no such thing as an average person. ]

Whether they live on a farm in Fairmont, in an apartment in Phillips, or a split–level home in Woodbury, Minnesota children live in an environment vastly different from that of previous generations. It's not Pokèmon or technology that's made the difference. It's the 80,000 man–made chemicals that touch every part of the environment, including the children themselves.

Toxins to the brain and nervous system, such as mercury and PCBS, contaminate tuna and other fish, including many Minnesota sport fish. Air pollutants like exhaust from diesel trucks and buses exacerbate children's asthma and bronchitis. Pesticide residues are widely found in some of children's favorite foods and in many drinking water systems. And pesticides — designed to kill — are regularly applied around homes and in schools.

The Minnesota Legislature is considering two bills that would help protect children from these toxins. SF2441, introduced by Sen. Ellen Anderson, would direct the Minnesota Department of Health to use children as the standard in risk assessment. HF2520, sponsored by Rep. Jean Wagenius, would give parents the right to know when pesticides are used at their children's schools.

In its landmark 1993 report, "Pesticides in the Diets of Infants and Children," the National Academy of Sciences found that children are uniquely vulnerable to environmental toxins. Pound for pound, children eat and drink more, and breathe more air than adults, so their exposures to pesticides in contaminated food, water and air can be several–fold higher.

Children's immature bodies metabolize, detoxify and excrete chemicals differently. Their brains, immune, endocrine and reproductive systems continue to grow and develop from conception to adolescence.

These delicate developmental processes are susceptible to disruption. If they are interrupted, pushed even slightly off course by exposure to toxins in the womb, during infancy and early childhood, lifelong consequences can result. Thus, children and pregnant women are at risk from chemical exposures at levels that would be safer for mature adults.

Studies in both humans and animals suggest that these low–level exposures to the young can cause subtle, but permanent damage to the brain, reproductive, immune or other organ systems that may not be apparent until later in life.

Because nearly all chemicals, including pesticides, are produced and marketed with very little testing for possible ill effects on the child's body or brain public health argues that we should exercise caution before exposing children to these chemicals.

Better Safe ...

That's why the National Academy of Sciences concluded in 1993 that in the absence of scientific data to the contrary, there should be a presumption of greater toxicity to children. Its basic message for protecting children: Better safe than sorry.

Children depend on a healthy, intact brain and nervous system to learn and become productive adults. Critical stages of brain development occurring during the first few years of life include brain cell growth, formation of connections between brain cells, and pruning of connections to assure optimal brain function.

Yet the academy found in 1993 that exposure to neurotoxic compounds at levels believed to be safe for adults could result in permanent loss of brain function if it occurred before birth or in early childhood.

Organophosphate insecticides, which are specifically designed to disrupt the nervous system, are widely used in and around homes and schools. In studies of very young rodents, exposure to even low levels of Dursban, the most commonly used organophosphate, leads to a drop in the synthesis of DNA, and a loss of cells in certain regions of the brain.

Dursban is regularly used around Minnesota schools.

Further, a child's immature immune system may be less able to catch and kill abnormal, cancerous cells. Only two of the nearly 80,000 industrial chemicals on the market, have been directly tested for their effects on the immune system. Children also depend on an intact endocrine system, made up of glands and the hormones they produce, such as estrogens, androgens and thyroid hormones.

Many chemicals, including some pesticides, can disrupt normal function of this system by mimicking or antagonizing natural hormones, even at very small doses. Because the endocrine system is still developing in the fetus, in infants and even in adolescents, children may be particularly vulnerable to these effects.

The key to protecting our children is preventing environmental exposure to toxins. For physicians, the Hippocratic Oath promises no less: "First, do no harm."   Parents, schools and public officials must also do their part. A large responsibility lies with our elected officials who must join the effort and take a leadership role in protecting the health of our children.

The Minnesota Legislature can do its part by passing HF2520, which will notify parents when toxic chemicals are to be used at their children's school so they can help reduce unnecessary exposures; and SF2441, which directs the Minnesota Department of Health to use children as the standard for risk setting and regulation.

The National Academy of Sciences, and the most up–to–date science on children's unique physiology, behavior and susceptibility, suggest this is a sound idea whose time has come. It is an ounce of prevention our children deserve.

Minnesota's children have a right to healthy schools and healthy communities. It is up to us to protect it.

—   Dr. David Wallinga, a Roseville native, is senior scientist with the Natural Resources Defense Council. Susan Berkson, Minnetonka, is metro coordinator for the Minnesota Children's Health Environmental Coalition.

ALERT:   Many Vaccines Use Thimerosal* as a Preservative !

[ * Thimerosal contains mercury. Thimerosal is used to help prevent a vaccine from spoiling, for inactivating bacteria used to formulate several vaccines, and in preventing bacterial contamination of the final product. Several of the vaccines recommended routinely for children in the United States contain Thimerosal. ]

I have talked to several parents who told me that their children were doing fine until they were vaccinated and suffered a reaction. Their children are currently diagnosed as being Autistic !

Other vaccines use aluminum as a stabilizer. Aluminum has also been documented as causing learning difficulties as well as cardiovascular diseases.

Most all of us have heard that lead causes cognitive difficulties. However, the "Establishment" has only paid lip service to the topic. Lead is used for many more things than is being admitted to, and addressed. Lead poisoning has resulted from the bathtub being the only identified source of lead. Porcelain tubs made before the mid 1990's should be tested for lead, which was used to bond the porcelain to the metal.

Measles–Vaccine News

When it comes to measles protection, waiting may be wise: A new Mayo Clinic study reveals that children who were vaccinated at about 15 months are more likely than twice as likely to carry adequate antibodies against the disease than children who got their measles shot at 12 months. Doctors typically give the measles vaccine to babies between 12 and 15 months of age, but it appears that the few extra months of development may help boost the body's immune response to the shot.   —   Parents Magazine – October 2002

Natural Immunity

Nature is full of bacteria and viruses — millions of different strains — all hungry and looking for a nice place to live. If nature didn't create a way for animals to cope with these hungry little life forms, none of us would stand a chance for a happy healthy life.

Our bodies have a whole army of specialized cells whose purpose is to defend us from these biological invaders. When a new potentially harmful strain enters our body this army goes to work. First the new comer is identified as being inappropriate for our body's healthy functioning. Then a system of chemical messengers — antibodies — is created that alerts the "foot soldiers" to be on the lookout for this strain. When an invader is spotted, the "foot soldiers" eat the invader.

It takes about two weeks for the body to train and equip the "foot soldiers" for their important duty. If the initial exposure is light, the body has the time it needs to get things ready for a more serious attack. This often includes producing more white blood cells.

Invaders harm the body in two basic ways. First they are looking for food and a place to live. Different strains have different preferences. That is why such a wide variety of symptoms can be produced. And second, they give off waste products. These waste products can interfere with other electro–chemical processes in the body.

So, one of the ways you can help your body during times of attack is to drink lots of fluids, especially water, so that your body, especially your kidneys don't become overloaded with toxins and the necessary water is present to cleanse your system.

A child is born into this world without any natural immunity. A healthy placenta prevents the mother's immune system from entering the child and seeing the child as a foreign invader. The child's DNA is different from the mother's and the DNA code is one of the ways that our white blood cells detect invaders. The newborn child is the perfect feast for hungry bacteria and viruses.

Immunity is passed on to the child through the breast milk. All the antibodies that the mother has produced from successfully dealing with her environment are shared with the child. It takes about nine months or a little longer for sufficient quantities to be absorbed by the newborn. In addition to the basic nutrition and antibodies in breast milk there are also hormones and other substances for the child that won't be utilized until the child reaches sexual maturity.

There are considerable differences in the milks produced by various mammals. Each species produces milk specifically "tuned" to the needs of her young.

The enjoyable time you spend nursing your child will be repaid you later with interest. Caring for a sick child is very stressful and being able to enjoy a healthy happy child will provide you with many wonderful experiences.

Breastfeeding Benefit

About 1 person out of every 250 in the U.S. has celiac disease, in which an intolerance to gluten ( a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley ) causes abdominal pain, fatigue and diarrhea. But a recent study suggests the problem may be preventable. Researchers found that the risk of celiac disease was reduced by about 40 percent in young children who continued breastfeeding while starting a diet of solid foods that contained gluten, such as cereals and bread.   —   Parents Magazine – October 2002
[ This may hold true for other food intolerances also. ]

Electronic Vaccination
Electronic Light Cure for Infections

All About Allergies and Food Intolerance
This may be what's actually behind baby's rashes and sniffles.

Spina Bifida in Babies is Linked with Cornflakes and White Bread
[ Wonder what the birth defect rate is in Asia ? — they eat few potatoes, lots of rice. ]

By Robert Matthews, Science Correspondent
The Telegraph
(Filed: 23/11/2003)

Pregnant women who eat sugary or highly processed food such as white bread and cornflakes face double the risk of having malformed babies, according to new research. Scientists made the discovery after comparing the diets of mothers whose babies had so-called neural tube defects such as spina bifida with those of mothers with normal babies.

The study, involving almost 1,000 women, found that the risk of such birth defects was substantially greater among those who consumed higher levels of sugar and the highly refined carbohydrates found in potatoes, white bread and rice and many popular breakfast cereals.

University researchers at the California birth defects monitoring programme in Berkeley said such foods may double the risk of neuraltube defects in unborn babies, increasing to a fourfold risk among mothers with obesity.

The new findings, reported in the latest issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, add to the growing concern over food products with a high glycemic index (GI). By producing a surge in blood sugar, the foods trigger the release of a large amount of insulin, high levels of which have already been implicated in birth defects.

Dr Ross Welch, a specialist in foetal medicine at Arrowe Park Hospital, Wirral, Cheshire, said: "Assuming these results have a sound statistical basis, then this is important. The question we have to ask is what do we do about it?" Most mothers did not realise the crucial importance of diet in the first days of pregnancy, Dr Welch said.

"High blood sugar levels have already been linked with foetal abnormality in diabetes, and this new research seems to be in line with that." He added: "Preconceptual folic acid is, however, still likely to be more important."

The findings come amid mounting evidence that high GI foods may pose asignificant threat to health. Earlier this year, high GI diets were linked to 50 to 80 per cent increases in risk of oral and ovarian cancer by researchers at the Centre for Cancer Research in Aviano, Italy.

Most concern focuses on the role of such food in obesity. Research published earlier this month by scientists at Oxford Brookes University found that children given a high GI breakfast of cornflakes, Coco-Popsor white bread consumed many more calories at lunchtime than those given a low-GI alternative, such as bran flakes or porridge.

Professor Jeya Henry, who led the research, said that the results supported evidence that high-GI foods boost appetite while cutting satiety - the "full" feeling that normally follows a meal. Both are thought to play important roles in developing obesity.

"It is time we got away from the idea that it is all just a matter of alack of self-control and exercise," said Prof Henry. "Every measure to reduce food intake must be explored. If we are serious about this issue, we need the Government and the food industry to get together to fund more research as a matter of urgency."

Within the scientific world there is mounting anger over what is being seen as foot-dragging by the food industry over its role in the increase in obesity, which according to official figures is responsible for 30,000 premature deaths a year in Britain.

Neville Rigby, the policy director of the London-based international obesity task force, said: "The food industry is the solution - they have to be, but they are not doing enough." However, the food industry insists that the issues involved are complex. A spokesman for Kellogg's, which makes many high GI cereals, said: "The science is relatively new and in some areas controversial. For instance, simply adding milk to cornflakes lowers their GI, while adding a banana lowers it even further.

"There is very clear evidence that foods such as Kellogg's Corn Flakes, which are high in carbohydrate and low in fat, play an important rolein helping people reduce fat intakes, maintain weight levels and possibly help their bodies to better control blood sugar levels."

Parents with children suffering from spina bifida welcomed the research. Su Scurr, from Tiverton, Devon, whose three-year-old daughter Briony has spina bifida, said last night: "If these foods are a significant factor then women need to be made aware of this research. I wouldn't wish what happened to me on anyone. It was awful. We found outthat I was carrying a child with spina bifida in a scan at about 22 weeks.

"I took folic acid in the two months before I got pregnant and I made sure I ate lots of fruit and salads but in the past I had eaten quite abit of sugar. Who doesn't eat cereals? We need more research into spinabifida."

Mrs Scurr, a full-time mother, who lives with her husband Peter, achiropodist, Briony and two other healthy children, said abortion was not an option. "I have no regrets. Briony is lovely."

Tanni Grey-Thompson OBE, who was born with spina bifida and has become Britain's best-known paralympic athlete, said last night: "These findings are interesting but you have to put them into context. Livingin areas with heavy industry is also a factor, for example. It is really useful to encourage women to eat a better diet but there are also financial reasons why women eat what they do."

Ms Grey-Thompson, who has won 14 paralympic medals and eight medalplacings in the London Marathon, added: "There are a huge number of scary things that women are told when they become pregnant that can put a lot of guilt on mothers. Sometimes disability is no one's fault andthere is nothing you can do about it."

Garbage in ... Garbage out !!!

Limit TV Time

For the sake of your child's health and grades, keep the television out of his room. Recent research links bedroom TVs with lower school performance in children. And, a seperate study found that children who have a TV set in their room watch almost five more hours of television or videos per week than those who don't; they are also more likely to be overweight.   —   Parents Magazine – October 2002

TV Promotes Violence

1)  Number of violent acts the average American child sees on TV by age 18:  200,000   ( Number of days an 18-year-old has been alive:  6,574 )

2)  Number of murders witnessed by children on television by the age 18:  16,000

3)  Percentage of youth violence directly attributable to TV viewing:  10%

4)  Percentage of Hollywood executives who believe there is a link between TV violence and real violence:  80%

5)  Percentage of children polled who said they felt "upset" or "scared" by violence on television:  91%

6)  Percent increase in network news coverage of homicide between 1993 and 1996:  721%

7)  Percent reduction in the American homicide rate between 1993 and 1996:  20%

8)  Percent increase in number of violent scenes per hour on 10 major channels from 1992 to 1994:  41%

9)  Percentage of programs that show the long-term consequences of violence:  16%

10)  Percentage of violent programs that emphasize an anti-violence theme:  4%

Source ...   Facts and Figures about our TV Habit

TV-Turnoff Network is a national nonprofit organization that encourages children and adults to watch much less television in order to promote healthier lives and communities.

Health and Light
John N. Ott

The Effects of Natural and Artificial Light on Man and Other Living Things.
How light can work for you ...
for your health, your emotional well-being and your vibrant energy ...
no matter where you live or work!

Published by Pocket Books – New York
Copyright 1973 – John Ott Pictures, Inc.
First printing 1973 – ISBN: 0-671-80537-1
Reprint edition (April 1, 2000) – ISBN: 0-898-04098-1

[ This is a Must Read Book for ALL Parents, and a MUST HAVE BOOK for ALL Teachers, School Administrators, Social Workers, Doctors, Clergy and Court Officials !!!

Science Teachers: This book will provide you with dozens of ideas for science fair and classroom projects.   — Tommy — ]

Chapter 12

The TV Radiation Story

The November 6, 1964, issue of Time carried a provocative article entitled Those Tired Children. It told of the report presented by two Air Force physicians at a meeting of the American Academy of Pediatrics in New York City. No explanation for the symptoms of the thirty children being studied could be found after doing all the usual tests for infectious and childhood diseases. Both food and water supplies were checked. The symptoms included nervousness, continuous fatigue, headache, loss of sleep and vomiting. Only after further checking was it discovered that this group of children were all watching television three to six hours a day during the week and six to ten hours on Saturdays and Sundays.

The doctors prescribed a total abstinence from TV. In twelve cases the parents enforced the rule and the children’s symptoms vanished in two or three weeks. In eighteen cases the parents cut the TV time to about two hours a day and the children’s symptoms did not go away for five or six weeks. But in eleven cases the parents later relaxed the rules and the children were back again spending their usual time in front of the picture tube. Their symptoms returned as before.

The report concluded that TV watching in itself is not necessarily bad, but that some children become addicted to it and fall into a vicious cycle of viewing for long hours and thus become too tired to do anything else. Other reports have suggested over-psychological stimulation in children from the program content of too many western thrillers and murder mysteries. Little or no consideration seems to have been given to the question of possible radiation exposure. However, epileptic seizures in some children have been reported as being caused by the flicker from TV sets and some further questions have been raised regarding possible effects of sonic energy.

In order to determine if there might be any basic physiological responses in plants or laboratory animals to some sort of radiation or other form of energy being emitted from TV sets, we set up an experiment using a large-screen color TV. One-half of the picture tube was covered with one-sixteenth inch solid lead, customarily used to shield X-rays, and the other half was covered with ordinary heavy black photographic paper that would stop all visible light but allow other radiation to penetrate. Six pots, each containing three bean seeds, were placed directly in front of the portion covered with the photographic paper, six more were placed directly in front of the portion covered with the lead shielding, and another six pots were placed outdoors at a distance of 50 feet from the greenhouse where the TV set was located.

At the end of three weeks, all the young bean plants in the six pots outdoors and the six pots in front of the lead shielding showed approximately six inches of a normal appearing growth. All the bean plants in the six pots shielded only with the black photographic paper showed an excessive vine-type growth ranging up to 31-1/2 inches. Furthermore, the leaves were all approximately 2-1/2 to 3 times the size of those of the, outdoor plants and those protected with the lead shielding. The bean plants in front of both the black paper and the lead shielding that were placed at the highest point (so that the bottom of the pot was approximately in line with the top of the TV set), showed considerable root growth emerging from the top surface of the soil. The plants in front of both the black paper and the lead shielding, directly in front of the center horizontal line of the picture tube or near the bottom of the TV set, and those at a distance of 50 feet, showed no such upward directional growth of the roots, causing them to emerge from the top surface of the soil in the pots.

( I later learned, in talks with scientists at the United States Aerospace Medical Center, that wheat seedlings, orbited in a biospace capsule, had behaved in a strikingly similar manner. The random growth of the wheat was thought to be due to weightlessness, but no such condition applied to the bean seedlings. A more logical explanation for the wheat might lie in the fact that the space capsule was being bombarded from all directions by radiation, as were the beans in the pots.)

Such hard-to-explain results prompted setting up a similar experiment using white laboratory rats. Two rats, approximately three months old, were placed in each of two cages, directly in front of the color television tube, and the set was turned on for six hours each weekday and for ten hours on Saturday and Sunday. One cage was placed in front of the half of the tube covered with black photographic paper and the other cage was placed in front of the lead shield, which was, in this instance, increased to 1/8-inch thickness. Lead was also placed under the shielded cage, around both sides, and extended higher in the back between the cage and TV set. This was done in order to assure more complete shielding than that given the bean roots, which showed more random directional growth when one flat piece of lead was used to cover half of the picture tube. The sound was turned off but it should be pointed out that turning off the audible sound does not rule out the possibility of sonic energy in the range of 15 kilocycles, which, in some circumstances, can be produced by the action of the picture scanning device.

The rats protected only with the black paper became increasingly hyperactive and aggressive within from three to ten days, and then became progressively lethargic. At 30 days they were extremely lethargic and it was necessary to push them to make them move about the cage. The rats shielded with the lead showed some similar abnormal behavioral patterns, but to a considerably lesser degree, and more time was required before these abnormal behavioral patterns became apparent. This experiment was repeated three times and in each instance the same results were obtained. The lesser degree of response noted in the animals shielded with lead may have been due to another TV set located six feet away which was, at the time, considered to be a “safe” distance, The second set was black and white.

When the first color television set was placed in the greenhouse area of our laboratory, the location was 15 feet from our animal breeding room, with two ordinary building partitions in between. We observed that immediately following the placing of the color television set in the greenhouse, our animal breeding program – which had been going on successfully for over two years – was completely disrupted, and litters of rats which had previously averaged eight to twelve young immediately dropped off to one or two, and many of these did not survive. After the TV set was removed, approximately six months were required for the breeding program to return to normal.

After the second TV set was in operation all the young rats in one of the cages died within ten to twelve days. Two of the rats that appeared extremely lethargic and almost dead were taken to the animal pathology laboratory of the Evanston Hospital where they soon died. Autopsies were immediately performed. Microscope slides were made and the autopsy report indicated brain tissue damage in several instances.

As I had additional opportunities to speak and show the time-lapse films, I also made a point of showing photographs of the rat brain tissue to several other scientists who were outstanding specialists in this field of brain research. One doctor on the west coast confirmed the original report, but another doctor at a different university disagreed. At two more research laboratories on the east coast there was similar disagreement. Another doctor at a highly regarded medical center said he thought one microscope slide possibly showed brain tissue damage, but an official report from the Radiological Division of the United States Public Health Service gave the opinion that the defects or imperfections noted in the brain tissue slides were artifacts made in the tissues at the time the slides were prepared. This is quite possible and does occur sometimes when microscope slides of such delicate tissues are being made.

In the Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 63, No. 5, May 1965, an article entitled Behavioral Biophysics, by Allan H. Frey, of the Institute For Research at State College in Pennsylvania, states:

Radiated energy in the electromagnetic (EM) spectrum is an important factor in the biophysical analysis of the properties of living systems. This energy is being used as a tool, both by study of its emission by living organisms ( in the micron, millimetric, and centimetric wavelength ) and also by applying it to the organism ( living organisms absorb, transmit, or reflect it as a function of wavelength ). Recent experimentation of these latter wavelengths is becoming of interest to psychologists because of behavioral implications.

Dr. Susan Korbel, at the University of Arkansas, has reported laboratory rats “dancing around” and acting “as though they had been given a type of nerve gas used in World War I” when they were subjected to low levels of microwaves. There have also been reports from Manitoba, Canada, of dairy herds, located within two miles of telephone microwave relay towers, giving considerably less milk, poultry producing only a fraction of their usual egg quota and flocks of chickens going into sudden, unexplained hysterical stampedes.

There have been an increasing number of reports, too, which deal with problems such as the difficulty of maintaining discipline with all ages of school children, their lack of ability to concentrate and forms of lethargy which include a deep, abnormal type of sleep. While it may be argued that modem psychiatric methods have made it possible to detect these problems at earlier stages, we still have had a tremendous increase in the crime rate, violence, and rioting among the youth of this country.

The practice of administering behavioral modification drugs, or “peace pills,” as they have sometimes been called, to grade school children has caused much controversy and concern, not only on the part of parents but also among many congressmen, government officials and physicians. This hyperactivity problem may well be the result of exposure to radiation from television sets, to which children are particularly susceptible.

I did manage to show the time-lapse films including the pictures of the bean plants and white rats to the research and engineering people at two of the large television manufacturing companies This ended all communication with one of the companies and, with regard to the other, I received the following letter from the Electronic Industries Association:

August 6, 1965
Dear Mr. Ott:

Mr. ______ has been kind enough to give us copies of his correspondence with you in connection with possible radiation hazards from television set viewing.

We can confirm ... that the problem of radiation protection is one of industry-wide concern. Engineering Committees of the Electronic Industries Association as well as the manufacturers themselves are active in the preparation of standards to insure maximum reproductability and accuracy of ex-radiation measurements. These measurements are made by manufacturers of television sets to insure conformity with the current exposure standards of the National Committee on Radiation Protection and of the International Commission on Radiation Protection. These bodies have set a limit of 0.5 mr/hr measured at 5 centimeters from the surface of the set. At this level, no detectable somatic injuries were expected even if the level were to be exceeded by a factor of 100.*

*Indicates 50 mr/hr were considered safe in 1965.

There is good evidence that television sets made in this country meet these current standards.

It is difficult, therefore, to offer any scientific explanation for your reported observations on the basis of exposure to radiation from television sets. For this reason, any evaluation of the significance of your findings will have to await a complete report of your work. Should there be any indication that present-day radiation protection standards are inadequate, you can be assured that we are most anxious to see that remedial action is taken.

Very truly yours,

(signed : Jack Wayman)
Jack Wayman
Staff Director
Consumer Products Division
Electronic Industries Association
Washington, D. C. 20036

In order to determine if television sets emitted any harmful X-rays, and for the stated purpose of attempting to duplicate the results of my experiments with the beans and white rats, the Radio Corporation of America retained the Bio-Analytical Laboratory, Freehold, New Jersey, an independent research laboratory, to test two of their sets. My offer to the director of research for R.C.A. to work with the Bio-Analytical Laboratory and show them exactly what I had done and to test the TV set that I had used was not accepted. Later, the Bio-Analytical Laboratory issued a report stating that no abnormal biological effects were found in either white rats, bean plants or Tradescantia placed in front of either of the R.C.A. sets that were tested. Following this report, the director of research for R.C.A. was quoted in the press as saying, “The matter of the possibility of any harmful radiation from TV sets was under complete control by the entire industry and sets were constantly being tested and double checked for any possible X-rays by the Underwriters Laboratories.” He was further quoted as saying; “It is utterly impossible for any TV set today to give off any harmful X-rays.”

However, considerable confusion apparently existed. When a representative of Underwriters Laboratories was questioned by the press on this point, he said that they had tested for electric shock, etc., but he flatly denied that UL had tested for possible X-rays emitted from the sets.

Soon afterward, the General Electric Company recalled thousands of their color TV sets, announcing that they were defective and did give off some X-rays, but not enough to cause concern, and that the problem was being taken cure of by their service men.

Next in the sequence of these events was an announcement by the United States Surgeon General that the radiological division of the United States Public Health Service had measured various models of television sets from a number of manufacturers, and that the matter of X-ray emission seemed to be more of an industry-wide problem than the defective sets of General Electric had indicated originally. Measurements made by the U.S. Public Health Service indicated variations in the amount of X-rays from similar models manufactured by the same company, and it is recorded in the Congressional Record of the Hearings of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, House of Representatives ( pages 384-385 ), that the highest level measured in any particular tube was 800,000 milliroentgens per hour, or 1.6 million times the acceptable safety level of 0.5 mrh established by the National Committee on Radiation Protection.

The testimony presented at the Congressional hearings produced much valuable and helpful information, including some fundamental facts that had apparently been overlooked. It was pointed out that sets designed to operate on line voltage of 115 volts might be within the X-ray safety limitation of 0.5 mrh, but could start producing excessive amounts of X-ray if the line voltage fluctuated above the stipulated voltage of 115 volts. It is not uncommon for the line voltage to fluctuate considerably between the peak load and off peak periods, and a maximum voltage of 130 volts is quite acceptable.

The comparatively recent introduction of such subjects in research as the wavelength resonance of biological oscillators, conductors, and photoreceptor mechanisms not only opens new avenues of approach toward a better understanding and explanation of living matter, but also points up some of the fallacies of the past. For example: it has been common practice in establishing radiation safety levels to refer to the level of natural background radiation for comparison. However, the instruments used for measuring are only capable of recording total energy and do not show any breakdown or distribution as to intensities of specific wavelengths or frequencies. General natural background radiation represents a low level of evenly distributed energy in a broad background energy spectrum. The X-ray radiation from a TV tube is contained in a very narrow spike within the range of less than one angstrom unit.*

*Source of information: personal interview and correspondence with Dr. John L. Sheldon, Research Manager, Division, Coming Glass Works. Television Products

Therefore, the intensity of the radiation in this narrow band of X-ray would have to be extremely high in order to equal the total energy of the broad, even distribution of total background radiation. Biological systems sensitive to this narrow spike of X-ray radiation from the TV tube would therefore be greatly over-stimulated.

A rough comparison would be the difference in the effects of the amount of sunlight on the total surface of a magnifying glass compared with the same amount of light energy concentrated down to a pinpoint. However the light concentrated from the magnifying glass is directional, whereas the concentrated spike of X-ray from a TV tube is not, and may travel in all directions. A baby’s crib on the other side of the wall from the back of a TV set could be in a very dangerous position as standard building partitions do not prevent transmission of X-rays. The excessive X-rays from the defective G.E. television sets were stated by the company to be generally directed downward. What effect this might have on people on the floor below has not been determined, but it certainly raises questions about the multiple use of TV sets in hospitals, hotels, motels and especially TV show rooms. It has been general practice to consider only evidence of visible injury or damage to cell tissue in studying the harmful effects of radiation. However, our studies have shown that the pigment granules of the epithelial cells of the retina, which are recognized as having no visibility function, are highly stimulated when placed near a TV tube which has been covered with heavy black photographic paper so that no visible light reaches the cells.

If this layer of cells in the retina which have no visibility function is, in fact, the photoreceptor mechanism that stimulates the pineal, pituitary and other areas of the mid-brain region by means of neurochemical channels, then levels of radiation well below those necessary to produce detectable physical injury to cell tissue could reasonably be expected to influence the endocrine system and produce both abnormal physical and mental responses over an extended period of time. Radiation stress must be considered as a possible variable or contributing factor. Just how the mechanism works that causes certain pigments of some plants, animals and people to react to specific wavelengths within the total electromagnetic spectrum is a challenge to future research.

The indications that radiation stress does occur in biological systems raises serious doubt as to whether the present safety factor of 0.5 mrh is low enough. With each of the many cuts in the recommended safety level since X-rays were first discovered it was thought that surely the lower figure would be safe. Unfortunately, experience has shown otherwise, and what additional knowledge has been gained has been learned the hard way as the result of X-ray injury to many people.

Photobiological responses through the extremely sensitive retinal-hypothalamic-endocrine system being directly exposed for extended hours of television viewing, especially at close range, to even trace amounts of radiation, may be compared to trace amounts of one part in ten million in chemistry, and may point to safe levels of radiation as being in a similar magnitude of one ten-millionth mrh, or less.

On April 24, 1970, an excellent article by staff writer, Ben Funk was released by the Associated Press. The article presented a review of the TV radiation problem, and is reprinted here with permission. Friday, April 24, 1970 “The Battle Against TV Radiation – It’s Just Begun” by Ben Funk (Associated Press Writer)

WASHINGTON — Three years after the first disclosure that some color television sets were bombarding viewers with X-ray beams, science has begun to define the resulting dangers. But it may be years before radiation is banished from living rooms.

The news in 1967 alarmed many TV watchers, sparked a Congressional investigation, and led to the passage of the 1968 Radiation Control Act, setting limits on rays receivers may emit.

But millions of sets are not covered by the law and new discoveries indicate that government standards are too low to assure full protection.

The standards, to be fully applied June 1, 1971, require that no TV set may spill out more than 0.5 milliroentgen of radiation per hour – a level considered safe at the time the standards were drafted.

However, recent findings by scientists in the Department of Health, Education and Welfare ( HEW ) indicate that X-ray emissions below the 0.5 level and on down to zero penetrate body tissues with subtle but harmful effect.

The only answer to the problem, says Dr. Arthur Lazell, assistant director of HEW’s Bureau of Radiological Health ( BRH ) is to “eliminate radiation entirely” from the receivers.

Even if this ideal were realized, the problem would linger. Of 30 million color TV sets sold through 1969, about 25 million are still operating and many will last for years. The Electronic Industries Association, which represents most manufacturers, says about 6 million sets will be sold this year. “The standards are too low,” consumer advocate Ralph Nader told Chairman Warren Magnuson, D-Wash., of the Senate Commerce Committee, which recently held hearings on the act. “Millions of people are being exposed to the risk of physical, genetic and eye damage.”

Until recently, official ignorance about TV radiation dangers hampered the attack on the problem.

For example, when several surveys turned up sets spewing heavy rays, the U.S. Public Health Service warned viewers on April 16, 1969, to sit no closer than six to ten feet from the sets. But it could not say why this was judged to be a safe distance, nor what harm the viewer could expect if he sat nearer.

Five months later, the Federal Trade Commission issued an identical warning. Asked why the FTC also failed to spell out the consequences, a spokesman said science had not calculated the injurious effects of prolonged exposure to TV rays.

Since then, new light has been thrown on the subject by a scientific team of the Bureau of Radiological Health.

When the research began, Dr. H.D. Youmans said the problem was approached with some skepticism.

“We questioned whether TV radiation was important, because it was so low compared to the output of an X-ray machine,” Youmans said, “We thought the rays would be soft and non-penetrating.

“Instead, we found rays escaping from the vacuum tubes to be harder and of higher average energy than we expected. They penetrated the first few inches of the body as deeply as 100-kilovolt diagnostic X-rays. You get a uniform dose to the eye, testes and bone marrow.”

Dr. Norman Telles said the team also speculated at first that there was a threshold below which radiation ceased to penetrate. Now, he reports, “We have made the assumption that there is no threshold, that radiation down to the zero level evokes a response from body tissues.”

At a congressional hearing a year ago, Dr. Robert Elder, director of the BRH, testified that small doses of radiation are cumulative and may cause genetic damage affecting future generations.

Rep. Paul Rogers, D-Fla., co-author of the Radiation Control Act, says a Sarasota naturalist, John Nash Ott, “got us started in 1967” on the road toward control of radiation from electronic products.

Ott reported at the time that a cage of young rats placed close to a color TV set, with the sound off and the picture tube covered with black photographic paper, became highly stimulated, then progressively lethargic, and all died, in ten to twelve days.

“We brought him to Washington for a briefing,” Rogers said, “but we didn’t say anything for a while. We were afraid we would scare a lot of people. And when we checked (with) the U.S. Surgeon General, he told us there was nothing to worry about.”

General Electric Co. announced May 18, 1967, that it was recalling 154,000 sets giving off excessive radiation. The shunt regulator tubes, which control the high voltage centering the electronic beam to the picture tube, were poorly shielded and located. A few sets were delivering as much as 40,000 milliroentgens.

As Congress and public health offices around the nation were pelted with inquiries from concerned set owners, the Electronics Industries Association declared that the GE problem was “an isolated case.”

But the following December, a US Public Health survey of 110 sets in St. Petersburg, Florida, found that 18 were emitting rays in excess of safety standards. They included eight makes.

With this evidence, Rogers’ House Subcommittee on Public Health and Welfare moved into hearings that were to lead Congress into the whole field of radiation from electronic products.

“Color TV was the glamour symbol,” Rogers said. “There are so many of them.”

As the hearings opened, the National Center for Radiological Health checked 1,124 color sets in Washington D.C., and found 66 of various brand names putting out excess radiation. The amounts ranged up to 25 times the 0.5 mrh level.

Then the Suffolk County Public Health Service of Long Island, New York, reported in April 1969, that 20 percent of 5,000 sets examined over a two-year period were emitting dangerous rays.

Color receivers require in the neighborhood of 25,000 volts. When voltage goes beyond this level radiation builds up rapidly and escapes from all sides of the set and the bottom if shielding is insufficient to contain it.

It was found in the surveys that repairmen often boost the voltage to brighten and sharpen the picture and sometimes damage or fail to replace the shielding. Radiation, which ranged up to 150 milliroentgens from some Suffolk County sets, fell sharply when repairmen called out by the county lowered the voltage.

The Radiation Control Act passed by the House 381 to nothing, was cleared by a voice vote in the Senate after only a brief discussion, and was signed by former President Johnson in October 1968. It authorized HEW to name a 15-man committee, equally divided among the industry, the public and the government, to draft standards.

Government scientists proposed an 0.1 milliroentgen limit on radiation, but the committee rejected the limit as too tough on the industry and settled for 0.5.

The standards were set up in three stages. The first required only that new sets meet the 0.5 mrh limit. The second indicated that receivers manufactured after June 1, 1970, must remain within this limit even when controls are maladjusted in a way that would increase the rays.

As of June 1, 1971, the standard will be broadened to cover not only maladjustment of controls, but also component or circuit breakdowns.

Nader charged earlier this year that the Radiation Control Act is not working because “the forces of industry and bureaucracy have prevailed.”

J. Edward Day, special counsel for the Electronics Industries Association, told Representative Rogers’ committee that TV makers are moving in a variety of ways toward cleaner sets.

"These efforts are being pursued,” he said, “not because there is any feeling on the part of TV manufacturers that a hazard situation exists or that there is any justifiable cause for public alarm.”

It is an effort, he said, “to bring an end once and for all to the flurries of public excitement over TV radiation.” It was a great relief to have some official confirmation of possible X-ray hazards from TV sets. Friends and relatives were polite and understanding but possibly a bit fed up with all my warnings about radiation from TV. It was hardest for the grandchildren to understand why only the mice should be allowed to watch the new color set. One grandson, who lived in Rome, Italy, after a visit to Grandma and Grandpa, was asked by his teacher at school to tell about his trip to America and what his Grandpa did. The next day the teacher called his mother to mention what a fanciful imagination the child had; but did his Grandpa really raise mice and keep the only color TV set out in the mouse house for them to watch?

The first public showing of the pictures of the responses of the bean plants and white rats in front of the TV sets was on October 3, 1966, to a meeting of the 100th Technical Conference of the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers in Los Angeles, California. The pictures fitted in well with the pumpkins and other segments, but parents especially seemed more concerned with the idea of their children sitting close to the set and staring directly into the picture tube, ( which like an X-ray machine, consists of a cathode ray gun operating on approximately 27,000 volts of electricity ) and shooting a stream of electrons directly at their eyes. When these electrons hit a metal target they produce X-rays.

The problem is, therefore, to shield the viewer from these electrons and X-rays so that it is still possible to see the picture. X-rays are able to penetrate not only human flesh, but also can penetrate steel and still affect the chemicals on a photographic plate. This is how X-ray pictures are made. A question facing us today is whether all the chemical effects of X-rays on human tissues are known.

What really concerns me in the above context is the effect of the very low levels of radiation that can influence the pattern of the streaming of the chloroplasts in the cells of a leaf, or the pigment granules in the epithelial cells in the retina of the eye, without showing any evidence of cell injury or damage. The roots of the bean plants that grew upward looked perfectly normal and so did the white rats that were dancing around and attacking each other. Is it possible that these very low levels of radiation affect the behavioral patterns and learning abilities of children without producing any signs of physical injury or cell structure damage?

The main difference between black and white and color TV is that the black and white sets have only one cathode gun, whereas a color set has not only three cathode guns, one for each of the primary colors, but also generally operates in a higher voltage range than black and white sets. I am constantly asked what is a safe distance for children to sit when watching TV, but when I think of the rat breeding colony being so completely disrupted at a distance of 15 feet with two intervening building partitions, I can only answer that I really don’t know, but that the distance that might be considered safe would undoubtedly vary with different sets.

Excerpts from Chapter 15

Routine Opposition To New Ideas As Standard Procedure

... interest in our TV radiation studies began to expand. Dr. Dickinson contacted the superintendent of the Sarasota County school system, and several meetings were held with its various representatives. The time-lapse pictures always proved to be of special interest. Methods were discussed for studying the possible effects of light and radiation on both the learning abilities and disabilities and the various behavioral problems of school children.

The Sarasota County school system had recently set up a special facility at the Gulf Gate School where children with such problems were being sent for special care. It was known as the Adjustive Educational Center. Mrs. Arnold C. Tackett, the principal, asked me to repeat the showing of the time-lapse pictures at one of the regular Parent-Teacher meetings. She was especially anxious for me to include the pictures showing the effects on the bean plants and white rats placed close in front of a TV set. This meeting was held on the evening of April 27, 1971.

All the teachers and parents were genuinely concerned about the effects possible radiation from TV sets might be having on their children. A plan was worked out for testing the TV sets in each of the homes where the children spent many hours watching their favorite programs. This TV study was also made possible by the continued generous support of the Wood Foundation, and also by the public through a membership drive. Many individuals interested in this radiation problem made contributions by becoming members of the Environmental Health and Light Research Institute. In addition to supporting further research, each membership entitles the subscriber to receive the EHLRI News Letter for one year. This has been initiated to keep all members abreast of what is going on of interest at the Institute.

The results of this first pilot study were no less than electrifying. Measurable amounts of X-radiation were found in all sets that had not been recently repaired, and even some that had been fixed were not perfect. I was invited to speak and show the films at one of the regular dinner meetings of the Manatee-Sarasota Radio & TV Dealers Association. I thought of how Daniel must have felt in the lion’s den, but was soon overwhelmed by their genuine interest and concern in the problem of X-radiation.

All the defective sets that the children at the Adjustive Education Center were watching at home were either repaired or discarded. The location of sets was rearranged, so that none would back up against a wall where anyone might be working or sleeping in the next room. Parents cooperated in making their children sit back as far as possible and by restricting the number of hours the children could watch TV. During the summer vacation, a greater effort was made to interest the children in more outdoor activity.

On November 12, 1971, approximately two months after school had resumed after summer vacation, Mrs. Tackett advised me that an improvement had been noted at the school in the behavioral problems of the group of children in whose homes we had found TV sets giving off excessive amounts of X-radiation. She noted in particular that the two most hyperactive children had been transferred back to their regular school and were acting normally and getting along fine in their classes. One of these was a little girl who had been sleeping on the other side of the wall from a TV set which we found had been giving off radiation from its back. The amount of radiation that we measured on the other side of the wall was 0.3 mrh. This is within the “safety” standard of 0.5 mrh as set up by the 1968 Radiation Control Act.

Ben Funk’s Associated Press story of April 24, 1970, which I quoted earlier, says:

The standards, to be fully applied June 1, 1971, require that no TV set may spill out more than 0.5 Milliroentgen of radiation per hour – a level considered safe at the time the standards were drafted.

However, recent findings by scientists in the Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW) indicate that X-ray emissions below the 0.5 level and on down to zero penetrate body tissues with subtle but harmful effect. “The only answer to the problem,” says Dr. Arthur Lazell, assistant director of HEW’s Bureau of Radiological Health (BRH) is to “eliminate radiation entirely from the receivers.”

The 1968 Radiation Control Act was a big step in the right direction in attempting to establish a safety factor for X-radiation exposure. However, it must be remembered that the 1968 standards represented the ninth time that these standards have been lowered on what seems to have been not much more than a “by guess and by golly” basis each time.

During the mid-1960s, the theme in a great deal of TV advertising was which company had the brightest picture tube. It was common practice for the TV repairmen to turn up the high voltage regulator to make the TV pictures even brighter. During this period our country experienced riots in some of our largest cities. Planned deliberate confrontations with police and other law enforcement agencies reached a peak. The disorder during the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago, the fire bombings of department stores along downtown State Street, and the destruction of property along the near north side residential area will not soon be forgotten.

Some of these violent actions have tapered off along with the educational programs set up by the TV industry to warn its personnel in sales agencies and repair shops of the radiation hazard problem, the need for careful checking and the avoidance of stepping up the high voltage beyond recommended specifications. This is another forward step, but nevertheless, the basic crime rate in the country, according to the FBI annual reports, has continued to show a steady increase. The practice of administering behavioral modification drugs to schoolchildren has also been increasing at what to me seems to be an alarming rate.

In 1950, the United States had the fifth lowest infant mortality rate in the world, but eighteen years later we had dropped to thirteenth place. Dr. Jean Mayer, nutrition advisor to President Nixon, has pointed out that the U.S. ranks thirty-seventh among nations as to the life expectancy of twenty-year-old men, and twenty-second for women of the same age. Something is obviously causing an alarming deterioration of the national health record of this country, and this may lead to disaster if the trend is not soon reversed.

As this book goes to press, it is gratifying that more and more medical and scientific research studies are dealing with the biological effects of light. It is my sincere hope that some of the simple observations made possible through time-lapse photography may have been helpful in stimulating further interest in this important subject.

Pokemon Episode Causes Seizures
685 children were taken to hospitals in ambulances

Special Stories With Lessons

by Tommy Cichanowski

In my travels, I've been told many stories. Sometimes, I wish I would have written them down while they were still fresh in my mind. The wisdom in some of the stories tends to grow with time as we gain personal experience. There have been a couple of times, when I wish I would have remembered the wisdom to help me out in similar situations.

One story that has constantly come to mind throughout the years is the one I call ...

" All At Once "

This little story was told to me by an engineer who did consulting work, while I was working with him on a project, in Milwaukee, WI.

A company called him in to analyze a problem they were having with one of their processes.

After due study and investigation, he submitted his report.

The project manager, upon reading the report, somewhat angrily responded, that they had already tried all the suggestions presented in the report.

The engineer's reply was, "You only tried these changes one at a time.   You Need To Do All These Things, All At Once!   Each change needs to be balanced against all the others in the system's dynamic environment."

The bill he submitted went unpaid.

About a year or so later, the engineer happened to meet the project manager, and inquired as to the status of the project he had consulted on. He was told that the process had finally been perfected. The engineer then asked what they had done to make the process work. The project manager somewhat hesitantly enumerated the steps that they had gone through to perfect the process. Upon hearing the list, the engineer said; "Isn't that exactly what I told you to do?"

About a week later, a check arrived in the mail as payment for his original report.

I've seen the relevance of this story, more perhaps than any other, appear time and time again. There is possibly no greater grain of wisdom that can be shared with others, than the concept that all things need to be accomplished in a balanced manner. All of creation and life is comprised of a system of parts and ruling factors. Our success depends on us realizing the complexities of each situation and addressing all the aspects, "All At Once".

This holds true weather we are pursuing a spiritual path, emotional stability, or are working with physical matter.

We must address and nurture All the Elements,   All At Once !

Students of hydroculture, as well as Alchemists, quickly learn, that when one adds more of one element to the solution, it reduces or enhances the plant's ability to absorb and utilize other elements. The whole process becomes one gigantic balancing act.

When you find the balance, your success is assured.

"Knowing Where To Tap"

This story was told to me by another engineer and involves a large power plant.

At this plant there had been some "down sizing" and the head of the maintenance department and others were forced into early retirement.

One day a problem developed and the plant went "off line". The company was losing many thousands of dollars an hour. The young college graduates, hired to replace "the old timers" were at a complete loss as to what the problem could be. All the gages read normal, and yet the system wouldn't run.

They finally called in "the old timer" to see if he could fix the problem. After Feeling a couple of pipes, he took a hammer from his toolbox and tapped on a valve, and the system "sprung to life".

Upon receiving the "old timer's" bill, the plant manager called to complain. "You sent us a bill for a thousand dollars ( I adjusted this for inflation. ) and you were only here for ten minutes, and all you did was hit a valve with your hammer."

The old timer said he would resubmit his bill. When it arrived it was itemized as follows:

Tapping on valve   . . . . . . .      $10.00
Knowing where to tap   . . .   $990.00
Total   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    $1,000.00

I have fixed hundreds of things, "by knowing where to tap".   No amount of schooling or book learning can teach a person these skills. These skills come as a result of working in the real world and day-to-day experiences. In the past, these skills were passed along to the young through years of apprenticeship. No society that ignores the wisdom of its elders will long survive.

When you see down-sizing;   Be Afraid — Be Very Afraid !

Elders — Share your gift of knowledge with the young, and they will become an extension of you.   Give a gift that keeps on giving.

"Fix What Is Broken"

This next story is one we should make sure all politicians learn before taking office.

This engineering problem involves what is known as a vibrating table. Surfaces with vibrators attached beneath, are used for hundreds of different applications.

A consultant friend of mine was called in to analyze a series of failures that a company was having with one of these tables.

A support member on one table had broken. "Maintenance" then came and welded the break. It wasn't long before the weld broke. They then installed a bracing piece across the break. A short while later the "bracing piece" broke". They then installed a heavier brace. That one broke in less time than its predecessor. So, they installed an even heavier one, with additional braces to the sides. This fix failed also, and made the table nearly un-useable from a performance standpoint.

The Fix:   Replace the original piece that broke with a better piece of spring steel !

The table's design was a good one. There was just a tiny flaw in one of the pieces of steel that caused it to break after years of performing well. Adding braces degraded the design and brought additional failures.

The main lesson here involves viewing dynamic systems differently than static ones. If the system had been a static one, then the added brace would have been functional. However, the table was dynamic. It was moving and its base wasn't. That means everything in-between the tabletop and the floor had to be able to freely move. In this case, adding the brace inhibited the free movement and added additional stress points. New failures occurred at these stress points.

Moral:   If you have had a good system going and there is a failure, Fix What Is Broken — don't attempt to repair a "minor failure" by adding a patch job.

"We Are All Connected"

Not many stories from college lectures have stayed in my mind over the years, but his one has always intrigued me.

An experiment was designed to determine if telepathic communication between people was possible. Two experimental booths were constructed surrounded by "Faraday Shields". Faraday Shields are designed and constructed to isolate the contents from Electro–Magnetic Radiation, or what we call "radio waves" and the magnetic component that accompanies them. No shield is perfect, however a radio won't work inside these cages.

The person in one cage was wired to receive a mild shock from a device that would randomly administer the charge. The device was automatic and not controlled by the experimenter. This is important.

The second person in the other cage was given a button to push each time he thought the first person received a shock. He also was wired to an E.E.G., which recorded the activity of his brain and nervous system during the experiment.

The person pushing the button achieved a perfect score.   A perfect Zero !!!   He failed to consciously perceive even one shock event correctly. However, his E.E.G. record showed that his body detected EVERY shock that was delivered to the person in the other booth.

This experiment provides quite convincing proof that we all are connected in some way. In recent years researchers have done studies that have found mechanisms in the human body that may account for this ability.

Vittorio Gallese, Giacomo Rizzolatti and their colleagues at the University of Parma have identified an entirely new class of neurons in our brains. Called "Mirror Neurons", these cells may be one important part of the mosaic that explains our social abilities.

Evidence suggests that these cells derive their remarkable abilities from "Super Conducting  Mono–Atomic Elements" which are members of what are called the Transition Group of Elements of the Periodic Table.

This should help us understand why we all need to care for each other. If one person is hurting, we all feel it, at least on a subconscious level. Other experiments have shown that the distance separating the individuals in the experiment makes little difference !

"Expect the Best From Everyone"

I don't remember what the original premise of this experiment was but the results are quite startling.

A group of volunteers was assembled and given a basic intelligence test. The volunteers were then divided into two groups, which were statistically equal.

The environment for the experiment consisted of a reception room with two rooms coming off of it that were to be used for additional testing of the volunteers.

A receptionist was acquired and told that her function was to assign the volunteers to one or the other of the rooms. She was told that the smarter ones would be tested in room A, and the others in room B. Her only function was to tell the subjects which room to go into when they arrived. She spent less than a minute with each.

A hidden camera was focused on the receptionist, and the film studied at the end of the experiment.

Remember now, that as a group, the subjects tested in room A, were equal to the subjects tested in room B. All the receptionist was to do was to check which list the subjects were on when they arrived, and assign them to one of the two rooms.

When the results of the second test were studied, the researchers found a very significant difference in the performance of the two groups. The group assigned to room A did much better on the test.

The researchers then studied the film from the hidden camera, and consulted with other experts. No one could identify any behavior, or body language that might have been manifested by the receptionist that could account for these test discrepancies. It was expected that the two groups would have averaged about the same on the second test. Yet, there was a big difference!

The receptionist was the only variable. What mechanism might have been responsible for these results, — "Mirror Neurons" ?

It sure appears that some subtle expectation was conveyed to the test subjects when they were assigned to their rooms — An expectation that manifested itself in considerable performance differences.

Teachers and educators should take special note of these results. If we group children / people, and then subconsciously project subtle expectations toward that group, you more than likely will get to see your expectation.

There Has To Be Something Wrong !
A careful look at heavy metal intoxication
by Jann M. Gentry-Glander

Children Need Outward Expressions of Parents' Love

Outsmarting kids: light–hearted way to manage

Researchers still call Spankings a No–No !

Drinkers' "kids" Show Attraction to Scent of Alcohol

Behavioral Symptoms of Elemental Toxicities

Fluoride's Neurological Effects:
Studies show there may be grave implications for Alzheimers,
Dementia, Attention Deficit Disorder, reduced IQ in children.

Fatal Fritos — Junk Food Addiction Deadly for Canyon Deer
Causes the deer to lose their natural ability to digest vegetation.

Lack of Light Can Cause Depression — Reduced Performance in School !!!
Very Bright "Blue–Green" Light is Required !!!

All About Allergies and Food Intolerances
Allergic reactions to foods can cause hives, eczema, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea,
and sometimes respiratory symptoms, including stuffy nose.

Attention–Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

The Disappearance of Childhood

How Vitamins were Discovered

The Art of Healing Ourselves

Using Hydroponics to Understand the Earth's Life Processes
On the Atomic Level

Tommy's History Of Western Technology

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