Vaccination Hazards

Some additives are extremely harmful.
Both Aluminum and Mercury cause cognitive dysfunction.

Disease Causing Nanobacteria have been found
to be a contaminant in previously assumed-to-be-sterile medical products ...

Date: Sat, 30 Nov 2002 00:51:32 - 0500
From: Frank Hartman
Subject:  Fwd: FeedBackFm

Thank you Frank for sending this information. It has already been of help.

I visited   last night and it is fascinating information.

I will put the information in your email on a vaccine toxicity page as soon as I can.

Best Regards, Dewey ( at Vac Lib )

Vaccination / Infection / Toxicity

by Frank Hartman

The present concerns about mandatory vaccinations under the Homeland Security Act are well founded. What has not been understood is the method of action that causes vaccination toxicity. The following is a simplification of the underlying cause, method of action and remedial measures to reduce the damage with references. Note that the medical reviews in journals and on the web belittle the anti-vaccination sites as based only on emotion, etc.

1. The introduction of any bacteria or bacterial filtrate alive or dead ( vaccine ) causes a reaction of the body that results in blood clots from intense microbial action. These clots may be small adhesions that attach to the blood vessels or organs impairing their function or complete obstructions resulting in organ death. They are particularly common in kidney, lung, liver and brain. This intravascular coagulation is readily apparent in an examination of the blood vessels in the sclera ( whites ) of the eyes from vaccines. This is known as the Sarannelli / Schwartzman phenomena. There are several hundred references to its occurrence in the National Library of Medicine. It is called phenomena because the cause has not been understood.

2. Intense microbial action ( infection ) or microbial agents cause a reduction in zeta potential* which changes blood to "sludge."

3. The administration of more than one vaccine at a time multiplies the effect increasing the amount of intravascular coagulation and blood clots.

4. The use of aluminum salts to stabilize vaccines exacerbates the effect by a multiple of 6,000 times. By making a flour-water mixture and adding a drop of deodorant one can easily observe the coagulation effect of aluminum. The flour will immediately clump and settle to the bottom. As an alternative, rub oil on the arm and apply a small amount of deodorant. The oil will immediately coagulate and roll up in little balls. Aluminum is the primary ingredient in most antiperspirants as it causes the sweat to coagulate and block the pores in sweat glands.

5. There are over 7,000 references to the toxicity of aluminum. See the following. URL ...

for some of the documented effects of aluminum and vaccination.

Note that even skin reactions can occur immediately and continue for seven or eight years or may not appear until one to six years later. So it is with the damage caused by this lethal combination. The reason for the delayed effect is beyond the scope of this paper but also is a function of zeta potential. A simple change to a single vaccine at a time later in life not at birth, eliminating aluminum salts and monitoring of the blood vessels of the white of the eyes for intravascular coagulation would greatly reduce the effects and risks of vaccinations.


Zeta Potential is a measure of the electrical force that exists between atoms, molecules, particles, suspensoids, cells, etc., in a fluid.   Zeta Potential is expressed in millivolts ( 10–3 volts ).   Voltage is a force that causes acceleration.

All trace minerals metals, inorganic materials, proteins and amino acids are held in suspension in liquids as microscopic and submicroscopic particles like dust particles in the air. These very small particles are called colloids. Since colloids in suspension form chemical compounds like ions in solution, the non-chemical / electrical properties of colloids are generally ignored.

Colloids are held in suspension via a very slight electro-negative charge on the surface of each particle. This charge is called Zeta Potential. The ability of a liquid to carry material in suspension is a function of these minute electrical charges. As the electro-negative charge increases, more material can be carried in suspension.

As the charge decreases, the particles move closer to each other and the liquid is able to carry less material. There is a point where the ability to carry material in suspension is exceeded and particles begin to clump together with the heavier particles materials dropping out and coagulating or attaching to the adjacent surface.

This phase change is quite similar to temperature variation in water. Just as a 10-degree temperature shift in water has no significant effect at 70 degrees F, but a major effect at 35 degrees; so it is with colloids in suspension. Each liquid has a phase change point where very slight changes in the electro-negative charge can produce large effects. This discipline is known as Colloidal Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, Surface Charge, or Zeta Potential. It is a mixture of both physics and chemistry.

The following table correlates negative charge reduction to degree of clotting.

Stability of Solution-Zeta Potential from "Control of Colloidal Stability through Zeta Potential" by Thomas Riddick

Stability Average Zeta Potential ( In millivolts )
Extreme to very good stability –100 to –60 mv
Reasonable stability  –60 to –40 mv
Moderate stability  –40 to –30 mv
Threshold of light dispersion  –30 to –15 mv
Threshold of agglomeration  –15 to –10 mv
Strong agglomeration & precipitation  –5  to  +5 mv

The quantity of positive and negative charges from chemical elements in suspension as colloids has a major effect on carrying capacity.

Electropositive ions decrease carrying capacity while electronegative ions increase it. Elements with only one excess positive or one negative ion have little effect on suspensions. Elements with two positive or two negative ions ( divalent ) such as magnesium and beryllium ( +2 ),  or oxygen and selenium ( –2 ) have 3,000 times more effect on coagulation or dispersion than elements with single ions. Elements with a valiance of 3, such as aluminum ( +3 ) and nitrogen and phosphorus ( –3 ), have 6,000 times more effect on carrying capacity than an element with a single positive or negative ion. A single colloid of aluminum has massive clotting capability due to the three extra positive charges. Vaccinations contain aluminum salts which greatly exacerbate coagulation.   Here are a few more technical references on zeta potential ...

Sanarelli / Schwartzman Phenomena

Vaccination Toxicity

... Certain biological sequences for more than a hundred years have been recognized in the medical field as leading to morbidity and mortality. The cause of these sequences has been little understood. Before presenting these curves, we will briefly quote several pertinent passages from the first chapter of a book by Hans Selye ( 1966 ) entitled Thrombohemorrhagic Phenomena. ( Courtesy Chas. C. Thomas, Publisher )

"Certain microorganisms and even extracts prepared from them are especially prone to produce thrombosesi and hemorrhages in the microcirculation, particularly in the renal ( kidney ) glomeruli.

The Sanarelli phenomenon ( is ) induced by two properly spaced intravenous injections of microbes or their products. The Schwartzman phenomenon ( is ) induced by a "preparatory" intracutaneous injection of bacterial filtrates followed after a proper time interval by intravenous "provocation" with the same or some similar material.

The Bordet phenomenon ( is ) the production of hemorrhages and necroses by killed E. coli cultures in tuberculous (but not in normal) guinea pigs.

More than a century ago the Russian investigator Botkin ( 1858 ) discovered that, following application of irritating fluids to the frog mesentery, the capillaries become maximally dilated and packed with agglutinated erythrocytes so that the circulation stops. These observations were confirmed and greatly extended by Hueter ( 1874 ) who claimed that erythrocyte agglutination is caused by toxic substances, many of which make the surface of the red blood corpuscles irregular and adhesive. *

Klebs ( 1876 ) apparently first observed multiple hyaline thrombi in the smallest blood vessels in patients with extensive burns. Then Flexner (1902) noted that both bacterial and nonbacterial pathogens can produce so-called "agglutinative thrombi" which appear to consist almost exclusively of conglutinated erythrocytes ... .

Subsequently, microthromboses were seen in intravenous administration of foreign blood, snake venom, placental extracts and many other substances. Finally, Siegmund ( 1925 ) observed the development of minute fibrin nodules attached to the walls of the small veins or the endocardium in guinea pigs repeatedly infected with various microorganisms. In the course of their classic studies on diphtheria, Roux and Yersin ( 1888 ) found that single intravenous injections of diphtheria toxin can produce multiple hemorrhages, particularly in the lung, kidney, adrenal and heart of various experimental animals ...

It became evident, furthermore, that even killed microbes or microbial filtrates are active in this respect and that the predominant localization of the thrombohemorrhagic lesions varies, depending upon the type of pathogenic material used.

The kidney, lung, heart and adrenals are most commonly affected but, under certain circumstances, typical lesions may also be found in the gastrointestinal tract or on the hairless parts of the animal body.

In 1894, Sanarelli noticed that, in the monkey, a first injection of typhoid toxin causes only transient manifestations of disease, but if, two days later, a second injection of the same product is administered, the animal dies with a generalized purpuric eruption.

In 1928, Schwartzman discovered that, if a rabbit is given a B. typhus filtrate intracutaneous, followed by the intravenous injection of the same material 24 hours later, a hemorrhagic necrosis results at the prepared skin site.

Paul Bordet ( 1931 ) ... observed that a suspension of killed E. coli microorganisms, which is normally well tolerated by guinea pigs, kills them with hemorrhages in the peritoneal lymph nodes, if they have received BCG vaccine intraperitonealy 2-3 weeks earlier.   E. Coli injected subcutaneously into guinea pigs thus prepared, produced topical hemorrhages with necroses.

Live microbes and microbial products ( filtrates, extracts ) occupy a particularly important place among the agents capable of eliciting the thrombohemorrhagic phenomenon.

It has long been known that thrombohemorrhagic phenomena can be produced by spontaneous or experimental infections, as well as by treatment with bacterial filtrates and extracts.

The endotoxins of Gram-negative bacteria proved to be especially effective in this respect. Both local thrombohemorrhagic reactions at the injection site, and generalized manifestations of the thrombohemorrhagic phenomenon ( including thrombi in the renal glomerular capillaries, lung, liver and other organs ) can be produced in this manner either by single or by variably spaced,repeated injections of suitable microbial products."

"In summation, Selye's thesis is that a microbial culture of dead or alive — or filtrates of such cultures — result in thrombosis ( or hemorrhage ) when they are suitably and in proper sequence injected into test animals.

The writer holds that the Sanarelli and Schwartzman "phenomena" are no longer phenomena — but instead are simple, straightforward, thoroughgoing manifestations of a natural law. And this law is delineated by fundamental principles of Zeta Potential.

This physiochemical sequence is encountered so often and in so many different forms that it virtually constitutes a rule: The end result of vigorous and sustained microbial activity on any aqueous ( including blood, kidney and lymph ) colloid system is a lowering of Zeta Potential.

This lowering leads to agglomeration resulting in sedimentation. One may paraphrase and apply this to Sanarelli / Schwartzman thus ...

Appropriate injections into a test animal of the end product of vigorous and sustained microbial activity leads to a lowering of Zeta Potential which leads to agglomeration and thrombus formation; and thrombosis; and disseminated intravascular coagulation then results in death.

This physiological sequence is of the greatest biological importance ... and it can only be considered fantastic that thus far this facet of nature has not been properly regarded, understood, accepted or employed in the evaluation of and alleviation of disease."

From "Control of Colloidal Stability through Zeta Potential" by Thomas Riddick pp 126-137

    11-12. Human Blood Coagulation - Biggs and Mcfarlane - F.A. Davis Co. Philadelphia 1962

    11-13 The Chemical Prevention of Cardiac Necroses - Hans Selye - Ronald Press-New York, N.Y - 1958

    11-14 Thrombohemorrhagic Phenomena - Hans Selye - Chas. C. Thomas - 1966

    11-15 The Stress of Life - Hans Selye - Mcgraw Hill - 1956

    11-16 Selected Papers by Melvin Kinisely and associates on Intravascular Coagulation.

Kinsley injected monkeys with Knowles malaria. He found that at a level of only 5 to 30% invasion of red cells, the blood coagulated into a thick sludge. Death occurred in as little as three hours. There were no survivors in twelve hours. He then identified the 65 cases of severe intravascular coagulation in patients on his ward stemming from 12 different diseases.

    a.) The Settling of Sludge during Life - Acta Anatomica, Supplement 41`1 ad Vol 44 - S. Karger - New York - 1961

    b.) Ante Mortem Settling - Angiology, Vol 9, No. 6, Part 2 - Dec.1960

    c.) Sludged Blood Transactions of the Amer. Therapeutic Soc. Vols. XLVIII and XLIX, 1950

    d.) Settling of Blood in Human Patients - Angiology, Volume 9, No.6, Dec 1958

    e.) Enforced Postponement of Selective Phagocytosis - Southern Medical Journal Vol. 56, no 10, Oct. 1963, pp. 1115-1127, Bir. Ala.

    f.) Experimental Separation of Quite Different Types of Circulatory Shock - Shock and Hypertension - Grune and Stratton - 1965

    g.) Intravascular Agglutination of Flowing Blood following the injection of Radiopaque Contrast Media - Neurology - Vol. No. 8, Aug. 1962. Minneapolis.

    h.) Knowles Malaria in Monkeys - II - Angiology, vol. 15, no. 9, Sept. 1964

    i.) Intravascular Erythrocyte Aggregation ( blood sludge ) - Handbook of Physiology - Section 2: Circulation, Vol. III, 1965.

This material may be freely reproduced and distributed in its entirety with proper credit to the contributors — Frank Hartman.

ALERT:   Many Vaccines Use Thimerosal* as a Preservative !

[ * Thimerosal contains mercury.   Thimerosal is used to help prevent a vaccine from spoiling, for inactivating bacteria used to formulate several vaccines, and in preventing bacterial contamination of the final product. Several of the vaccines recommended routinely for children in the United States contain Thimerosal. ]

The Problem With Mercury

The problem is Mercury simply "Loves Sulfur" too much. So much so, that it will compete with other molecules for Sulfur and can usually "steal" Sulfur out of other molecular structures, in effect killing them.

Mercury ( Hg ) interacts with brain tubulin and disassembles microtubules that maintain neurite structure.   —reference—

If it can't steal Sulfur, Mercury will bond to the Sulfur atom the best it can. This usually prevents the molecule from performing its function.

Sulfur is part of our blood cells as well as many other proteins and enzymes. Many systems in our bodies are very much like today's Industrial Assembly Lines. If one work station stops functioning the whole system can backup or get very crazy.

( The oxygen carrying protein in red blood cells. )

(C738 H1,166 Fe N203 O208 S2)4

Enzymes perform very specialized functions within our body's chemical assembly line. It shouldn't be very hard to visualize the whole process going out of whack if someone doesn't show up for work. Imagine cars coming off the assembly line without tires, or headlights, or oil light sensors, or fuses — you get the idea.

From our viewpoint, Enzymes are really "Hyper" little fellows. In the lab, they have been clocked doing Two Million Reactions Per Minute ! ( 2,000,000 /min. ) That means in a 24-hour period, they can do their job 2,880,000,000 times

In this example,  just one atom of mercury can prevent  two billion, eight hundred eighty million reactions per day from occurring.   This is why mercury is applied to "seed grain" — it stops organisms from growing.

Antibodies* also contain sulfur  and are therefore attacked by mercury — therein destroying the body's natural disease defense system.    
[ * an·ti·bod·y   n.  A protein substance produced in the blood or tissues in response to a specific antigen, such as a bacterium or a toxin. Antibodies destroy or weaken bacteria and neutralize organic poisons, thus forming the basis of immunity.   An antibody is about 1/700 the size of a red cell. ]

Major Immunoglobulin Classes

Major Subclasses of Human IgG

There is also good documentation that mercury exposure is a primary cause of Autism !

Mercury intoxication often produces a psychotic state resulting in hyper-excitability. The expression 'Mad as a Hatter' originates from the hat-makers of the 19th century who were chronically exposed to mercury compounds used in making felt and beaver hats. Mercury was also used to preserve leather and the furs for coats.

Few people who use the phrase today realize that there's a story of human suffering behind it; the term actually derives from an early industrial occupational disease. Felt hats were once very popular in North America and Europe; an example is the top hat. The best sorts were made from beaver fur, but cheaper ones used furs such as rabbit instead.

A complicated set of processes was needed to turn the fur into a finished hat. With the cheaper sorts of fur, an early step was to brush a solution of a mercury compound — usually mercurous nitrate — on to the fur to roughen the fibers and make them mat more easily, a process called carroting because it made the fur turn orange. Beaver fur had natural serrated edges that made this unnecessary, one reason why it was preferred, but the cost and scarcity of beaver meant that other furs had to be used.

Whatever the source of the fur, the fibers were then shaved off the skin and turned into felt; this was later immersed in a boiling acid solution to thicken and harden it. Finishing processes included steaming the hat to shape and ironing it. In all these steps, hatters working in poorly ventilated workshops would breathe in the mercury compounds and accumulate the metal in their bodies.

We now know that mercury is a cumulative poison that causes kidney and brain damage. Physical symptoms include trembling ( known at the time as hatter's shakes ), loosening of teeth, loss of co-ordination, and slurred speech; mental ones include irritability, loss of memory, depression, anxiety, and other personality changes. This was called mad hatter syndrome.   — Source —

The people who then wore these "Fur Products" were then also Poisoned by "mercury fumes" !!!   The first emperor of China would sniff heated mercury to "get high" — induce visions.

Exposure to any form of mercury on a repeated basis, or even from a single, very high exposure can lead to the disease of chronic mercury poisoning. There are three main symptoms:

  1. Gum problems. The gums become soft and spongy, the teeth get loose, sores may develop, and there may be increased saliva.
  2. Mood and mental changes. People with chronic mercury poisoning often have wide swings of mood, becoming irritable, frightened, depressed or excited very quickly for no apparent reason. Such people may become extremely upset at any criticism, lose all self-confidence, and become apathetic. Hallucinations, memory loss and inability to concentrate can occur.
  3. Nervous system. The earliest and most frequent symptom is a fine tremor (shaking) of the hand. A tremor may also occur in the tongue and eyelids. Eventually this can progress to trouble balancing and walking.

Organic mercury compounds are very damaging. They are toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin and eye contact. These mercury compounds can attack all body systems. They can cause nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite, weight loss, abdominal pain, diarrhea, kidney failure, skin burns and irritation, respiratory distress, swollen gums and mouth sores, drooling, numbness and tingling in the lips, mouth, tongue, hands and feet, tremors and incoordination, vision and hearing loss, memory loss, personality changes and headache. Allergic reactions can also occur.   —reference—


Much More Information About Mercury
Linking Hg to Autism – many Journal references

It Should Be Obvious

No Amount of Mercury Can Be Considered Safe !

There Has To Be Something Wrong !
A careful look at heavy metal intoxication
by Jann M. Gentry-Glander

Children Need More Protection From Toxins

Panel Urges Vaccines With Mercury Not Be Given To Children

The Not-So-Crackpot Autism Theory
The New York Times Magazine – Arthur Allen

Soldiers to Sue Over New Gulf War Syndrome

Mark Townsend
Sunday November 23, 2003
The Observer

Dozens of soldiers who served in Iraq are to sue the Government, claiming they are suffering from a new form of Gulf War syndrome.

Multiple vaccinations given in the run-up to the conflict are being blamed for chronic pains, stomach problems, rashes, swelling, fever, depression and anxiety.

Lawyers and medical experts say the symptoms are identical to those which affected thousands of veterans after the 1991 Gulf conflict.

The Observer has learnt that 13 soldiers have launched legal actions against the Ministry of Defence over what is being called Gulf War II syndrome. A similar number of 'robust' cases are to be launched in weeks.

In addition, a former MoD employee has obtained the medical records of another 40 Iraq veterans also suffering similar symptoms. Each case could cost the Government £1 million in damages.

Mark McGhee of Manchester-based Linda Myers Solicitors, said servicemen were coming forward all the time. 'Previously healthy servicemen received inoculations and suffered serious reactions. Now their jobs, livelihoods and their families are being affected,' he said.

The allegations come ahead of the inquest tomorrow into the death of Major Ian Hill, former chairman of the National Gulf Veterans' and Families' Association. Hill suffered a severe reaction to vaccinations he was given and was sent home from the Gulf. However, Army doctors were unable to determine whatwas wrong with him.

The father-of-four subsequently suffered from a range of illnesses including Q fever, aninfection that stops the brain producing cells quickly enough to replace those that die. The MoD disputed that his illness was a result of service and he was denied a pension until shortly before his death in March 2001 at the age of 54.

At the two-day inquestin Warrington, lawyers will argue his deployment to the Gulf and subsequent illnesses contributed to his early death. More than 550 veterans have died since the first Gulf war.

A spokesman for the Ministry of Defence said 12 servicemen from the latest conflict had signed up to a health assessment programme while 7,000 former Gulf veterans are to be screened

World News
January 12, 2004

A British military doctor is backing claims that the cocktail of vaccines given to soldiers prior to the 1991 war in Iraq caused Gulf War Syndrome.

Lieutenant Colonel Graham Howe has become the first expert to directly link the inoculations to severe health problems suffered by vaccinated troops.

For 13 years Britain’s Ministry of Defence as vigorously denied that vaccines could be blamed for the diseases.

Independent research has also failed to find conclusive proof of a common link between the vaccines and a Gulf War-related syndrome, a debilitating condition.

Lt Howe, clinical director of psychiatry with the British Forces Health Service in Germany, was asked by the War Pensions Agency to examine the case of former Lance-Corporal Alex Izett, who suffered from osteoporosis, which in turn led to depression.

The former Royal Engineer had inoculations prior to the conflict, which were not recorded on his medical documents because they had officially been classified as ‘secret’.

The doctor concluded that Mr. Izzet did in fact receive classified ‘secret’ injections prior to his expected deployment and that “in turn these have most probably led to the development of autoimmune-induced osteoporosis.”

Izett never went to Iraq and was not exposed to any other form of toxins,leaving no other possible cause for his illness.

His report also highlighted a “high incidence” of osteoporosis in Gulf War veterans and that the “common denominator that links him to GW vets are the vaccinations he received prior to deployment.”

Izett, who now lives in Bersenbruck, near Bremen in Germany, was in oculated like other troops against anthrax, botulism and other biological agents.

He said he went public with the doctor’s confidential report, dated September 22, 2001, so that other soldiers vaccinated with the same "secret" injections could claim compensation for the physical and mental illness they may have suffered as a result.

Last year a war pensions appeals tribunal awarded Izett a 50 per cent disability pension, based on the findings of Howe's report.

'91 Memo Warned of Mercury in Shots – By Myron Levin

Times Staff Writer
February 8, 2005

A memo from Merck & Co. shows that, nearly a decade before the first public disclosure, senior executives were concerned that infants were getting an elevated dose of mercury in vaccinations containing a widely used sterilizing agent.

The March 1991 memo, obtained by The Times, said that 6-month-old children who received their shots on schedule would get a mercury dose up to 87 times higher than guidelines for the maximum daily consumption of mercury from fish.

"When viewed in this way, the mercury load appears rather large," said the memo from Dr. Maurice R. Hilleman, an internationally renowned vaccinologist. It was written to the president of Merck's vaccine division. The memo was prepared at a time when U.S. health authorities were aggressively expanding their immunization schedule by adding five new shots for children in their first six months. Many of these shots, as well as some previously included on the vaccine schedule, contained Thimerosal, an antibacterial compound that is nearly 50% ethyl mercury, a neurotoxin.

Federal health officials disclosed for the first time in 1999 that many infants were being exposed to mercury above health guidelines through routine vaccinations. The announcement followed a review by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration that was described at the time as a first effort to assess the cumulative mercury dose.

But the Merck memo shows that at least one major manufacturer was aware of the concern much earlier.

"The key issue is whether Thimerosal, in the amount given with the vaccine, does or does not constitute a safety hazard," the memo said. "However, perception of hazard may be equally important."

Merck officials would not discuss the contents of the memo, citing pending litigation.

Separately, the drug giant is trying to fend off a legal onslaught over Vioxx, the popular painkiller it introduced in 1999. The company, based in Whitehouse Station, N.J., faces hundreds of lawsuits claiming that the drug caused heart problems and that Merck concealed the risks. Merck, which in September pulled Vioxx off the market, has denied the allegations. The legacy of Thimerosal, meanwhile, also is causing problems for Merck and other drug companies.

More than 4,200 claims have been filed in a special federal tribunal, the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program, by parents asserting that their children suffered autism or other neurodevelopmental disorders from mercury in vaccines. A handful of similar claims are awaiting trial in civil courts. The plaintiffs cite various scientific studies that they say prove the dangers of Thimerosal, including at the levels found in vaccines.

Thimerosal has been largely removed from pediatric vaccines in recent years in what health officials have described as a precautionary measure. (This has been accomplished as drug makers have voluntarily switched from multi-dose vials of vaccine, which require a chemical preservative like Thimerosal, to single-dose containers.)

In September, Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger signed legislation prohibiting vaccines with more than trace amounts of Thimerosal from being given to babies and pregnant women. Iowa has a similar ban.

For their part, Merck and other vaccine makers, along with many government health officials and scientists, say there is no credible evidence of harm from the amounts of mercury once widely present in kids' shots. They cite a report in May by a committee of the national Institute of Medicine concluding that the evidence "favors rejection of a causal relationship" between vaccines and autism.

The seven-page Merck memo was provided to The Times by James A. Moody, a Washington lawyer who works with parent groups on vaccine safety issues. He said he obtained it from a whistle-blower whom he would not name.

The memo provides the "first hard evidence that the companies knew – or at least Merck knew – that the children were getting significantly more mercury" than the generally accepted dose, the lawyer said. He also provided a copy to attorneys for Vera Easter, a Texas woman who blames Thimerosal for the condition of her 7-year-old son, Jordan, who is autistic and mentally retarded. The Easter lawsuit is pending in U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas. The defendants include Merck; rival vaccine makers GlaxoSmithKline, Aventis Pasteur Inc. and Wyeth; and Thimerosal developer Eli Lilly & Co. Easter's lawyer, Andy Waters, described the memo as "incredibly damning and incredibly significant." After receiving it in the fall, he confronted Merck lawyers about why he hadn't seen it earlier.

In a letter to Waters in October, Merck attorneys said they had in fact made available 32 boxes of records, but that the copying service hired by the plaintiffs for some reason had failed to copy several of the boxes – including the one with the Hilleman memo.

"The memo," said company spokeswoman Mary Elizabeth Blake, "was produced voluntarily by Merck in the ordinary course of discovery proceedings." Hilleman is a former senior vice president of Merck who developed numerous vaccines for the company. A 1999 profile in the Philadelphia Inquirer said that "it is no exaggeration to assert, as many scientists do, that Maurice Hilleman has saved more lives than any other living scientist."

Hilleman, 85, currently director of the Merck Institute for Vaccinology, had officially retired and was a consultant to Merck when he wrote the '91 memo. He declined to be interviewed.

The memo was sent to Dr. Gordon Douglas, then head of Merck's vaccine division and now a consultant for the Vaccine Research Center at the National Institutes of Health. Douglas also declined to comment.

The memo stated that regulators in several countries had raised concerns about Thimerosal, including in Sweden, where the chemical was being removed from vaccines.

"The public awareness has been raised by the sequential wave of experiences in Sweden including mercury exposure from additives, fish, contaminated air, bird deaths from eating mercury-treated seed grains, dental amalgam leakage, mercury allergy, etc.," the memo said.

It noted that Sweden had set a daily maximum allowance of mercury from fish of 30 micrograms for a 160-pound adult, roughly the same guideline used by the FDA. Adjusting for the body weight of infants, Hilleman calculated that babies who received their shots on schedule could get 87 times the mercury allowance.

The Swedish and FDA guidelines work out to about four-tenths of a microgram of mercury per kilogram of body weight. A stricter standard of one-tenth of a microgram per kilogram has been adopted by the Environmental Protection Agency and endorsed by the National Research Council.

These standards are based on methyl mercury, the type found in fish and airborne emissions from power plants. Though toxic, the ethyl mercury in Thimerosal may be less hazardous than methyl mercury, some scientists say, because it is more quickly purged from the body.

[ It should be noted that the ONLY method that can accurately determine if mercury is being purged from the body is a "Chelation Challenge". Mercury has the ability to hide in the body and therefore blood tests and hair analysis cannot determine the mercury load that is in the body. A blood test may show the absence of mercury in a body and yet if followed by a "Chelation Challenge", toxic levels may be uncovered. Here is a clinical study. ]

"It appears essentially impossible, based on current information, to ascertain whether Thimerosal in vaccines constitutes or does not constitute a significant addition to the normal daily input of mercury from diverse sources," the memo said.

"It is reasonable to conclude" that it should be eliminated where possible, he said, "especially where use in infants and young children is anticipated."

In the U.S., however, Thimerosal continued to be added throughout the '90s to a number of widely used pediatric vaccines for hepatitis B, bacterial meningitis, diphtheria, whooping cough and tetanus.

It was added to multi-dose vials of vaccine to prevent contamination from repeated insertion of needles to extract the medicine. It was not needed in single-dose vials, but most doctors and clinics preferred to order vaccine in multi-dose containers because of the lower cost and easier storage. The Hilleman memo said that unlike regulators in Sweden and some other countries, "the U.S. Food and Drug Administration … does not have this concern for Thimerosal."

A turning point came in 1997 when Congress passed a bill ordering an FDA review of mercury ingredients in food and drugs.

Completed in 1999, the review revealed the high level of mercury exposure from pediatric vaccines and raised a furor. In e-mails later released at a congressional hearing, an FDA official said health authorities could be criticized for "being 'asleep at the switch' for decades by allowing a potentially hazardous compound to remain in many childhood vaccines, and not forcing manufacturers to exclude it from new products."

It would not have taken "rocket science" to add up the amount of exposure as the prescribed number of shots was increasing, one of the e-mails said. While asserting that there was no proof of harm, the U.S. Public Health Service in July 1999 called on manufacturers to go mercury-free by switching to single-dose vials. Soon after, Merck introduced a mercury-free version of its hepatitis B vaccine, replacing the only Thimerosal-containing vaccine it was still marketing at the time, a company spokesman said.

By 2002, Thimerosal had been eliminated or reduced to trace levels in nearly all childhood vaccines. One exception is the pediatric flu vaccine made by Aventis and still sold mainly in multi-dose vials.


Beware of vaccine bullies

by Michelle Malkin   2/04/04   © 2003 Creators Syndicate, Inc.

Why on earth should we vaccinate our newborn baby against Hepatitis B — a virus that is contracted mostly through intravenous drug use and sexual contact? That is the question my husband and I had for the doctors and nurses at the hospital where our son was born two and a half months ago.

We didn't get very good answers. It was "convenient," "recommended" and "routine," the medical staff assured us. We wanted more information. A nurse gave us a brochure, which explained that babies whose mothers had the Hep B virus were at high risk of developing acute Hep B infections. Well, I tested negative for Hep B. The Centers for Disease Control named unprotected sex, IV drug use and being stuck with a needle on the job as the likeliest routes of Hep B transmission. Well, my husband and I both work primarily from home, our two children stay at home, and neither we nor our 3-year-old daughter nor our baby (for heaven's sake!) live the Kid Rock-and-Pamela Anderson Lee lifestyle.

When we told the hospital staff that we simply wanted more time to think about giving the Hep B shot to our son — doesn't "informed consent" mean we should be truly informed? — we were badgered aggressively. Some lectured us about the need to "get on the proper vaccination schedule." Others warned that Maryland, like more than 40 other states, requires all schoolchildren to be vaccinated for Hep B. Teachers, however, are not subject to the mandate, which is driven not just by altruistic concern for children's health. Ohio legislator Dale Van Vyven snuck the Hep B mandate into a 1998 hazardous-waste bill at the behest of profit-maximizing vaccine manufacturers' lobbyists.

The "everybody does it" and "for the greater good" arguments worked when we were overcautious, over-trusting, first-time parents who submitted our daughter to every single vaccine without question. This time, we resolved not to be rushed or bullied. We declined to give our son the politically correct Hep B shot, decided to do more research, and then took up the issue with our pediatrician.

Boy, were we in for a rude awakening. Our doctor parroted the American Academy of Pediatrics line and mindlessly emphasized the efficacy of vaccines in eradicating childhood diseases. Well, we weren't questioning their collective efficacy. We questioned what the individual health benefits and health risks to our newborn were. Physicians have blindly plied vaccines before that have done more harm than good. A childhood rotavirus vaccine, for example, was approved for widespread use in 1998 and withdrawn from the market less than a year later after causing an increase in the incidence of painful bowel obstruction among infants.

Our doctor, however, pooh-poohed our inquiries about potential side effects. He seemed to have no idea what those risks were and no interest in finding out. He was also incredibly condescending: "95 percent of what you read on the Internet" is unreliable, he sermonized, as if we were too dumb to separate scientific fact from fraud.

In the end, we concluded that some of the vaccines were more worth the risks than others. At my son's two-month checkup, the pediatrician expected him to receive a triple-combination shot called "Pediarix" (consisting of Hep B, inactivated polio, and DTaP, which covers diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis), as well as HiB (for certain bacterial infections) and Prevnar (for meningitis and blood infections). I reiterated my refusal of Hep B, accepted DTaP and HiB, and asked to put off polio and Prevnar. In response, I received a threat: Get all the vaccines or get out of our practice.

"Informed consent"?   Ha.   This was uninformed coercion !!!

We're leaving for another practice, a little bitter but wiser. The strong-arm tactics of the medical establishment mustn't intimidate parents from challenging the universal vaccine orthodoxy. When it comes to protecting our children's health, skepticism is the best medicine.

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