Color Pictures of Mineral Deficiencies in Sugar Beet

from

The Diagnosis of Mineral Deficiencies in Plants by Visual Symptoms
by Thomas Wallace, M.C., D.Sc., A.I.C.

Published by His Majesty's Stationary Office — 1943

— Crown Copyright Reserved —


SUGAR BEET IN SAND CULTURE — from the 1951 edition

Sugar Beet Plant - Nitrogen deficiency 
0113. Sugar Beet Plant

Nitrogen Dificiency

Growth small; foliage pale green, older leaves yellow and die early.

 
Sugar Beet Plant - Phosphorus deficiency 0114. Sugar Beet Plant

Phosphorus deficiency

Leaves dull, lustreless green, with occasional slight bronzing and purple spotting near margins (cf. Plate No. 132, aluminium toxicity)

 
 
Sugar Beet Plant - Calcium deficiency 115. Sugar Beet Plant

Calcium deficiency

Hooking of young leaves, followed by death of growing point.

 
 
Sugar Beet Plant - Calcium deficiency 116. Sugar Beet Plant

Calcium deficiency

Advanced stage of acute deficiency. Young leaves fail to expand and die off; older leaves marginal scorch.

 
Sugar Beet Seed Stem - Calcium deficiency 117. Sugar Beet Seed Stem

Calcium deficiency

Hooking of young leaves; death of growing point and failure to blossom.

 
Sugar Beet (left) and Mangold (right) Roots - Calcium deficiency (soil acidity complex) 118. Sugar Beet(left) and Mangold(right) Roots

Calcium deficiency (soil acidity complex)

Forking and turning of roots in acid subsoil layer.

 
Sugar Beet Plant - Calcium deficiency (soil acidity complex) 119. Sugar Beet Plant

Calcium deficiency (soil acidity complex)

Leaf margins slightly pale, curled forward and scorched.

 
Sugar Beet Plant - Magnesium deficiency 120. Sugar Beet Plant

Magnesium deficiency

Older leaves severe intervenal chlorosis and necrosis.

 
Sugar Beet Leaves - Magnesium deficiency 121. Sugar Beet Leaves

Magnesium deficiency

Intervenal chlorosis, beginning at tips and margins and progressing towards midrib; chlorosis followed by marginal and intervenal necrosis.

 
Sugar Beet Leaves - Virus Yellows 122. Sugar Beet Leaves

"Virus Yellows"

Leaves intervenal "yellowing" in asymmetrical patches; yellow patches brittle and crackle when squeezed in hand. Yellowing followed by marginal and intervenal necrosis. May be confused with magnesium deficiency symptoms. (cf. Plate No. 121)

 
Sugar Beet Plant - Potassium deficiency 123. Sugar Beet Plant

Potassium deficiency

Leaves narrow; older leaves marginal and intervenal scorch; they wither and collapse around plant.

 
Sugar Beet Leaves - Potassium deficiency 124. Sugar Beet Leaves

Potassium deficiency

Showing longitudinal lesions of petioles and midribs.

 
Sugar Beet Plant - Combined potassium and sodium deficiencies 125. Sugar Beet Plant

Combined potassium and sodium deficiencies

Growth dwarfed; leaves dull green and older leaves severe marginal and intervenal brown scorch; older leaves wither and hang down. Scorching generally similar to potassium defecience alone, but develops earlier and the effects are more severe.

 
Sugar Beet Plant - Iron deficiency 126. Sugar Beet Plant

Iron deficiency

Younger leaves chlorotic mottling.

 
Sugar Beet Leaves - Iron deficiency 127. Sugar Beet Leaves

Iron deficiency

Young leaves fine chlorotic mottling, later general chlorosis.

 
Sugar Beet Plant - Manganese deficiency 128. Sugar Beet Plant

Manganese deficiency

Leaves severe "Speckled Yellows" and leaf margins curled forward.

 
Sugar Beet Leaf - Manganese deficiency 129. Sugar Beet Leaf

Manganese deficiency

Severe intervenal chlorosis, "Speckled Yellows".

 
Sugar Beet Plant - Manganese and boron deficiency 130. Sugar Beet Plant

Manganese and boron deficiency

Manganese deficiency shown by speckled condition of leaves ("Speckled Yellows") and boron deficiency by "Crown Tot".

 
Sugar Beet Plant - Manganese toxcity (Soil acidity complex) 131. Sugar Beet Plant

Manganese toxcity (Soil acidity complex)

Leaves strong chlorotic mottling. Effects differ from manganese deficiency in growth habit of leaves. (cf. Plate No. 128)

 
Sugar Beet Plant - Aluminium toxicity (Soil acidity complex) 132. Sugar Beet Plant

Aluminium toxicity (Soil acidity complex)

Growth stunted; leaves dull green, often with small necrotic areas near tips and margins. Similar to phrosphorus deficiency. (cf. Plate No. a14)

Aluminium stops cell division during the "S Stage". — Tommy C. —

 
Young Sugar Beet Plant - Boron deficiency 133. Young Sugar Beet Plant

Boron deficiency

Early stage of boron deficiency. Young leaves distorted and fail to expand.

 
Sugar Beet Plant - Boron deficiency 134. Sugar Beet Plant

Boron deficiency

"Crown Rot" and death and distortion of young leaves; older leaves cracking and distortion of laminae, yellow pigment formation and severe marginal scorch.

 
Sugar Beet Plants - Chromium (as chromate) toxixity 135. Sugar Beet Plants

Chromium (as chromate) toxixity

Growth stunted; younger leaves show chlorotic iron deficiency symptoms followed by severe intervenal necrosis.

 
Sugar Beet Plants - Cobalt toxicity 136. Sugar Beet Plants

Cobalt toxicity

Growth severely stunted; young leaves at early stage show chlorotic iron deficiency symptoms quickly followed by severe intervenal necrosis and death.

 
Sugar Beet Plants - Copper toxicity 137. Sugar Beet Plants

Copper toxicity

Growth severely stunted; young leaves show chlorotic iron deficiency symptoms followed by severe intervenal necrosis.

 
Sugar Beet Plants - Nickel toxicity 138. Sugar Beet Plants

Nickel toxicity

Growth severely stunted; young leaves at early stage show chlorotic iron deficiency symptoms quickly followed by severe necrosis, collapse and death; older leaves develop orange pigment.

 
Sugar Beet Plants - Zinc toxicity 139. Sugar Beet Plants

Zinc toxicity

Growth severely stunted; young leaves show chlorotic iron deficiency symptoms followed by severe intervenal necrosis.

 
 

Index

  • Flax
  • Hops
  • Kale
  • Lettuce
  • Maize
  • Mangold
  • Oats
  • Onion
  • Parsnip
  • Pear
  • Peas
  • Plum
  • Potatoes
  • Radish
  • Rape
  • Rye
  • Spinach
  • Sugar Beet
  • Swede
  • Table Beets      
  • Tomatoes
  • Turnips
  • Wheat
  • Top of Page

    The Diagnosis of Mineral Deficiencies in Plants by Visual Symptoms

    by Thomas Wallace, M.C., D.Sc., A.I.C.

    Color Pictures of Mineral Defeciencies in Plants – 1943


    Using Hydroponics to Understand the Earth's Life Processes
    on the Atomic Level

    The Tortoise Shell Hydroponic Reference Center

    Understanding Colloidal Suspensions
    Plants need to absorb what you feed them.

    " The Art of Healing Ourselves "
    Only You can bring Good Health and Healing into Your Body.

    Tortoise Shell Life Science Puzzle Box Front Page

    View this page Full Frame