Mg
Magnesium

atomic # 12, atomic wt. 24.32, metal, row 2, col. 2A, val. 2, orbits 2-8-2


{Merck Index - © 1952 by Merck & Co., Inc.}

Magnesium. Mg;   at. wt. 24.32; at. no. 12; valence 2.   First obtained in metallic form by Davy in 1808 by electrolysis of a mixture of magnesia and mercuric oxide. One of the most common elements in the crust of the earth, constitutes about 2.1% of it. Occurs in magnesite, carnallite, dolomite, Epsom salt, kieserite, and many other minerals; found in seawater; in animal and vegetable kingdom. Methods of prepn.: Deville, Caron etc., cited in Gmelins Handbuch der anorg. Chemie 27 [A], 121 (1937).

Silvery-white metal; slowly oxidizes in moist air; available as bars, ribbon, wire and powder.   m 651°;   b. 1,100°.   d20 1.738.   Reacts very slowly with water at ordinary temperature, less slowly at 100°; burns in a current of steam. Reacts readily with dilute acids with liberation of hydrogen; reacts with aqueous solutions of ammonium salts, forming a double salt. Reduces carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, nitric oxide, and nitrous oxide at a red heat. Combines directly with nitrogen, sulfur, the halogens, phosphorus, and arsenic. Reacts with methyl alcohol at 200° giving magnesium methylate.

Use:   As a constituent of light alloys; for manufacturing precision instruments, optical mirrors; in pyrotechnics; in metallurgy as deoxidizing and desulfurizing agent; instead of zinc in dry batteries; for flashlights, aluminothermics, ignition of thermite mixture, intense signal lights; for Grignard reagent.

Toxicity:   May be injurious if imbedded in skin. Inhalation of fumes or dust may cause irritation of respiratory tract.

{The Diagnosis of Mineral Deficiencies in Plants}

The outstanding fact about magnesium is that it is a constituent of chlorophyll and is essential to the formation of this pigment. As a result when magnesium is deficient, one of the symptom commonly shown by plants is chlorosis. Magnesium is also regarded as a carrier of phosphorus in the plant, particularly in connection with the formation of seeds of high oil content, which contain the compound lecithin.

The element seems to be very mobile within the plant and when deficient is apparently transferred from older to younger tissues where it can be reutilized in the growth processes. This agrees with the observation that signs of magnesium deficiency invariably make their appearance first on the older leaves and progress systematically from them towards the youngest ones.

 
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Today it is universally accepted that a higher magnesium intake, - for example, in the drinking water - is associated with reduced cancer incidence and reduced frequency of cardiac infarction. While the differences are not drastic, they are nevertheless undeniable.

Among other effects, magnesium improves the internal production of defensive substances, such as antibodies and complement, considerably improves the operational activity of white, granulozytic blood cells (already proven by Delbet), and contributes to many other functions that insure the integrity of cellular metabolism.

In 1961, Laborit and Nieper introduced cardiac therapy, especially protective therapy against cardiac infarction, based on magnesium aspartate. Somewhat later, in 1968, magnesium orotate - a further development - was added as long­term therapy against cardiac infarction, by Nieper.

Since then, we have had a large number of patients under long-term magnesium orotate therapy because of angina pectoris and other cardiac metabolism disturbances. This treatment has such a positive effect that the patients themselves request renewed presciptions once they run out of tablets. Thus, long-term therapy necessarily results.

For some time we have observed, with some surprise, that hardly any new cancer occurrences appear in this group of patients. The probability for this is so small, in fact, that in cases of doubt and for acute complaints, a diagnosis of cancer is highly unlikely. The rate of new cancerous diseases with long-term magnesium orotate therapy is perhaps less than 20% of the frequency otherwise expected, at least for the first 10 years of the observation period. Obviously further observations are necessary, and we thought this finding was so important that we wanted to mention it. In the last analysis, it is also in line with Pierre Delbet's scientific legacy.

In contrast to all other magnesium salts, magnesium orotate transports the mag­nesium atom to the membranes of the structures in the cullular plasma - the so­called mitochondria - and possibly to the cell nucleus' genetic apparatus. We know from S. Rubin's extraordinary studies in Berkeley that the magnesium ions freed at these locations are necessary to activate those enzymes which are required to "read" the genetic information in the chromosomes. the International Cancer Congress in Seattle, in the fall of 1982 dealt predominantly with the problem Of misinformation from the genetic system and the subsequent cancer generation of a cell. To discuss this question in detail is beyond the scope of this article. There are some indications that it is not only gene defects in the cancer cell chromosomes that cause the loss of control; it is also various deficiencies and distubances in correct "gene reading."

"Revolution in Technik, Medizin, Gesellschaft" – Hans A. Nieper – ISBN 3-925188-00-2
English: "Dr. Nieper's Revolution in Technology, Medicine and Society" – ISBN 3-925188-07-X
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" Dr. Nieper's Revolution in Technology, Medicine and Society "


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